Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Born in Auchen, Mies learned the fundamentals of design while working in the studios of Bruno Paul and Peter Beherens. While only a few of his projects had been realised at the time, Mies rose to fame between the wars as a member of the progressive Novembergruppe and as director of the Bauhaus (1930-33). In 1938 he quit Nazi Germany for the United States, where he became first a lecturer and then a director of the Illinois Institute of Technology of Chicago. His American periods was very intense, and he exported the philosophy of the Modern Movement, contributing several key ideas of his own, particular his, architectural use of glass. In design too he showed extraordinary mastery. Casting off restrictions of functionalism and industrial production, he successfully fused a crispness of line and keen attention to detail with comfort or, more exactly, with luxury.