Eileen Gray (1878-1976)
Born in Ireland, Eileen Gray frequented the Slade School of Art in London. In 1902 she moved to Paris to study drawing. Here, the Japanese master craftsman Sugawara taught her all secrets of oriental lacquer-work. In 1919 Suzanne Talbot entrusted Gray with the design of her apartment in the Rue de Lota , which she worked on for three years, created a set of interiors markedly influenced by her passion for exotic colours and materials. In 1922 she opened a workshop in the rue du Faubourg St. Honore’ specialising in decoration, furniture, and the production of lacquers and carpets. The following year she exibited a room at the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs entitled ” boudoir Monte-Carlo”, whose marked modernity caused a stir. In 1927 E. Gray teamed up with Jean Badovici to design a house nicknamed”E.1027″, or the “maison en bord de mer” in Roquebrune. She was fond of describing the home as” a living organism”. Her architectural projects and above all her furniture designs show the severity and imagination with which she applied this maxim, in close keeping with the Modern Movement.